Investment and Trading in Bitcoin: Learn How It Works

Jun 18, 2024 Written By LAT Staff
Bitcoin has burst onto the scene in recent years as a revolutionary digital currency, grabbing the interest of investors and traders worldwide. As the first cryptocurrency, it has paved the way for a new era of decentralised finance. If you're new to Bitcoin, it is crucial to understand its fundamentals and how to trade or invest in Bitcoin. This blog will guide you through some of the essential aspects of Bitcoin: what it is, how to buy it, and how to trade it.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a decentralised digital currency created in 2009 by an anonymous person (or maybe group) known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Unlike traditional currencies, Bitcoin operates without a central authority or banks; instead, it relies on peer-to-peer technology to facilitate instant payments. Bitcoin transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain.

How Does Bitcoin Work?

Bitcoin works on a blockchain, a distributed ledger technology that records all transactions across a network of computers. Each transaction is grouped into a block and added to a chain of previous transactions. This process ensures the integrity and security of the data.

What is Bitcoin Mining?

Bitcoin mining is the process by which new bitcoins are created and transactions are added to the blockchain. Miners use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical problems, and in return, they are rewarded with newly minted bitcoins. Bitcoin has a maximum supply of 21 million coins, and as of June 2024, around 19.75 million have already been mined. This means there are just 1.25 million bitcoins left to be mined. Many traders and investors believe that the limited supply of Bitcoin contributes to upholding its value.

How to Buy Bitcoin

Buying Bitcoin can be straightforward. Here are the steps you need to follow:

1. Choose a Bitcoin Wallet: First, you need a digital wallet to store your bitcoins (such as Electrum, Exodus or Ledger Nano X). Wallets can be online, offline (hardware wallets), or even paper wallets.

2. Select a Bitcoin Exchange: Platforms like Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken are popular choices for buying Bitcoin. You need to create an account and verify your identity.

3. Deposit Funds: Once your account is set up, you can quickly and easily deposit funds using a bank transfer, credit card, or other payment methods supported by the exchange.

4. Purchase Bitcoin: After depositing funds, you can buy Bitcoin by placing an order on the exchange, and the purchased bitcoins will be transferred into your wallet.

How Much is a Bitcoin Worth?

The value of Bitcoin fluctuates based on market supply and demand. Factors influencing its price include media coverage, investor sentiment, regulatory news, and technological developments. You can check the current price of Bitcoin on various financial news websites or directly on cryptocurrency exchanges.

How to Invest in Bitcoin

Investing in Bitcoin involves holding it over a long period, which can be weeks, months or even years. The aim, of course, is to profit from the value of Bitcoin rising over time but be aware that Bitcoin does not pay out dividends (like equities), so you’ll be relying on a price increase to make a profit. Also, the Bitcoin price has been known to collapse from time to time, so profits are by no means guaranteed. Here are some steps to get started:

1. Research: Understand Bitcoin's fundamentals, developments in the crypto markets and study the charts to identify long-term market trends.

2. Diversify: Don’t put all your money into Bitcoin; consider diversifying your investment across other cryptocurrencies (such as Ethereum, Tether, BNB, etc.) and other assets (such as equities, bonds or commodities).

3. Choose a Strategy: Decide whether you want to invest a lump sum or use a pound-cost averaging approach, where you invest a fixed amount on a regular basis.

4. Store Securely: Ensure your bitcoin investments are stored in a secure wallet, preferably offline.

Bitcoin Trading

Bitcoin trading differs from investing as it involves buying and selling bitcoins over a shorter period to profit from short-term market fluctuations. Traders use various strategies, such as day trading, swing trading and scalping. Understanding technical analysis, market indicators, and having a robust trading plan with strict risk management rules are essential for successful trading. You also need to control your emotions and trading psychology through good times and bad.

Bitcoin Trading Platforms

A reliable Bitcoin trading platform is crucial for effective trading. Look for platforms that offer:

• A user-friendly interface
• Advanced trading tools
• High security standards
• Low fees
• Good customer support
Popular trading platforms include Binance, Bitfinex and eToro.

How to Trade Bitcoin

To trade Bitcoin, follow these steps:

1. Choose a Trading Platform: Register and verify your account on a platform of your choice.

2. Deposit Funds: Add funds to your trading account via bank transfer, credit card or other payment methods supported by the platform.

3. Analyse the Market: Use technical analysis tools and indicators to analyse short-term trends, price momentum and areas of support and resistance. You must also stay updated with crypto market news.

4. Place Trades: Buy and sell bitcoins based on your analysis and trading strategy.
5. Monitor and Adjust: Continuously monitor your trades and adjust your strategy as needed.

Investing in Bitcoin

Investing in Bitcoin can be lucrative but also carries risks. Consider the following:

• Volatility: Bitcoin prices can be highly volatile, and the price can fall dramatically from time to time.

• Regulatory Risks: Keep an eye on global regulatory news, since changes in regulation can impact Bitcoin's value.

• Security Risks: Ensure your investment is protected from hacking and theft.
How Bitcoin Works

Understanding how Bitcoin works is fundamental before you start investing or trading. Bitcoin's decentralised nature, blockchain technology and mining process distinguish it from traditional financial systems. Educate yourself on these aspects to help you make more informed trading or investing decisions.

Bitcoin Trading in UK

If you are based in the UK, Bitcoin trading follows similar steps as outlined above. Ensure the trading platform you choose complies with local regulations and offers support for GBP transactions. Some popular platforms for UK traders include Binance, Kraken, and Coinbase.


Bitcoin investment and trading can be rewarding, but they require a solid understanding of how Bitcoin works, how to buy and store it securely, and how to navigate the trading platforms effectively. LAT can help you stay informed with our specialist Cryptocurrency Course, which will also help you develop a strategic approach to make the most of the opportunities presented by this revolutionary digital currency.

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